Turkey-China Extradition Agreement

The threat of forced repatriation of Uighurs to Turkey was further highlighted in an article published Wednesday by Axios, an online newsletter, which revealed the Chinese government`s secret request to the Turkish government in 2016 regarding the extradition of a Uighur named Enver Turdi, who had leaked information about violations of the law in the XUAR to RFA and Uighur groups in exile. The requested extradition called an Enver Turdi. He had shared with the Western press information about the Chinese government`s abuses. In 2015, the Chinese embassy in Turkey refused to issue him a passport. As a result, he was unable to renew his temporary residence permit for Turkey. Two years later, Enver Turdi was placed in an expulsion centre and interrogated by the Turkish authorities. Uighurs traditionally view Turkey as a safe haven and advocate for its rights, but an extradition treaty signed in 2017 between Beijing and Ankara – although not ratified – was submitted a year ago to the Grand National Assembly (TBMM) for consideration by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Observers fear it will specifically address Uighurs from the Muslim-majority nation who are being sent back to China. In 2019, Erdogan said the people of Xinjiang were living happily. Today, it supports the persecution of Uighurs by allowing their extradition to China. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urged Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, at his meeting in Jerusalem on Monday, to continue to cool relations with China and limit Chinese investment in Israel because of the new strategic partnership agreement signed by China with Iran, Israeli and U.S.

officials said. Nury Turkel, a Washington-based Uighur lawyer, told RFA that Turkey`s recent expulsion of Uighurs at China`s request was wrong and said other measures could harm its application for EU membership in violation of ECE extradition rules. Turkey has been a target for thousands of Uighurs who have fled China and become home to a large Uighur diaspora. However, a no-extradition deal between Turkey and China, signed in 2017 and still awaiting ratification by the Turkish parliament, could target Uighurs living in Turkey and speed up their extradition to China. Turkey and China had signed a draft extradition agreement in 2017, but the Turkish parliament has not ratified it. .

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