## How to Calculate Interobserver Agreement for Frequency

This is not a very strict settlement procedure, as a total number of 100% IOA could be due to the fact that two observers recorded completely different cases of target responses in the same observation of 15 million. In the sample flow shown in Figure 1, Observer 1 records three instances of the target response during the first 3 meters (one per minute) of its observation, two instances during minute 4, and misses all other instances for the remaining 12 m. During the same hypothetical observation, Observer 2 missed all three instances within minutes 1 to 3, records one instance of the target response at minute 4, but records four instances within minute 15. Although these are completely different events, the total number of IOOs that would result would still be 100%. IOA without interval. The unlabeled interval IOA algorithm (also called the « non-occurrence » agreement in the research literature) is also more rigorous than simple interval-by-interval approaches by considering only those intervals in which at least one observer records the absence of a target response. The rationale for the unrated interval IOA is similar to that of the IOA with the interval noted, except that this measure is best suited to high response rates (Cooper et al., 2007). In the sample data in Figure 2, the fifth and sixth intervals are ignored for computational purposes because both observers received a response at these intervals. Thus, the statistics of the AIO are calculated from the remaining five intervals. Since there was only one agreement on three of the five intervals (the second, third, and fourth intervals), the match value is 60%. The IOA algorithm of average duration per deposit achieves this by determining an IOA score for each timing, and then determining it by the total number of timings in which the two observers collected data.

Note that this approach is periodically similar to the partial agreement approach described above. In the example in Figure 3, there were approval ratings of 99.7, 2.3, 69.2 and 92.7% for intervals 1 to 4. The average of these four levels of agreement gives an average of 66% per event agreement – a much more conservative estimate than that of statistics on the total duration of the IOA. A procedure to improve the credibility of data by comparing the independent observations of two or more people of the same event. The IOA is calculated by calculating the number of agreements between independent observers and dividing it by the total number of agreements plus disagreements. The coefficient is then multiplied by 100 to calculate the percentage (%) of approval. Average number per interval: 1) Divide time into intervals, 2) Record the frequency of behavior by interval, 3) Calculate the correspondence by interval (similar to the total), 4) The IOA interval, 5) divided by n intervals (calculation of the average) This is not a very strict agreement procedure, since a total of 100% could result in two observers recording completely different target response instances in the same 15 m observation. In the sample data stream shown in Figure 1, Observer 1 records three target response instances during the 3 m (one per minute) of its observation, two instances per minute 4, and misses all other instances for the remaining 12 meters. This technical report provides detailed information about the reasons for using a common computer spreadsheet (Microsoft Excel®) to calculate various forms of interobserver agreements for continuous and discontinuous records.

In addition, we offer a short tutorial on how to use an Excel spreadsheet to automatically calculate the traditional total, partial chord in intervals, exact chord, try per attempt, interval for interval, evaluated interval, unassessed interval, total duration, and average duration per interval of the interobserver agreement. We conclude with a discussion on how practitioners can integrate this tool into their clinical work. Average number per interval: 1) divide time into intervals, 2) observers record the frequency of behavior by interval, 3) calculate the chord by interval (similar to total counting), 4) add the interval IOA, 5) divide by intervals (average) total number IOA. .